Andrew Graus

Harlan J. Smith Fellow

University of Texas at Austin

See my work


I study theoretical galaxy formation, with an emphasis on the smallest galaxies we can see. Below are some of my research interests

Isolated Dwarf Galaxies

One of my current active areas of research is simulating dwarf galaxies of the Local Volume as part of the FIRE collaboration. The purpose of these types of simulations to better understand the complex physics that shapes the formation of galaxies including stellar feedback, and reionization.

Below are visualizations of three simulations that I've run with GIZMO. Each of these galaxies has a stellar mass around 1 × 108 M, which is roughly the mass of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC).

h116 h986 h548

Recently, I've used these simulations to study the stellar distributions within these galaxies. Specifically how stars of different ages are distributed throughout the galaxy. Dwarf galaxies can show large gradients in their stellar distributions, with younger stars in the inner regions and older stars in the outskirts. The reasons for this depend greatly on the specific evolution of each dwarf galaxy, but its typically a function of mergers (which mix the stellar distributions and make the distribution of ages more uniform) and supernova feedback (which creates strong age gradients). You can read more about this work here

Milky Way Satellites

Another active area of research for me is studying the dwarf satellites of the Milky Way (and Andromeda). By studying the distribution and kinematics of the satellites of the Milky Way we can learn a great deal about how the Milky Way influences these small structures, and which processes dominate the formation of galaxies.

Satellite Disruption

Related to the Milky Way satellites is the process of the disruption of satellites due to the stellar disk of the Milky Way. This is illustrated by the figure below ( adapted from Kelley et al. 2019 ). The addition of the disk reduces the number of satelltes by up to 50%. This is important for interpreting the observed distribution of satellites. I have used simulations of disk disruption to place constraints on the the smallest galaxies that can form. You can read this work here .

Figure from Kelley et al. 2019 showing the satellite distributions both with and without the stellar disk of the Milky Way. On the left is the version without a disk and the right includes it. The right contains far fewer satellite galaxies due to the disk tearing apart small satellites.

Substructure Lensing

Another area of resarch is making theoretical predictions of the field of substructure lensing. We can use observations of lensing galaxies, and complex models to potentially reveal very small substructures, potentially even dark matter halos that have no corresponding galaxy. This is interesting because it could potentially allow us to study the properites of dark matter.